Last edited by Voramar
Monday, November 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Export of strategic materials to the U.S.S.R. and other Soviet bloc countries. found in the catalog.

Export of strategic materials to the U.S.S.R. and other Soviet bloc countries.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws.

Export of strategic materials to the U.S.S.R. and other Soviet bloc countries.

Hearing before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-seventh Congress, first [and second] session.

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws.

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Strategic materials -- United States.,
  • United States -- Commerce -- Soviet Union.,
  • Soviet Union -- Commerce -- United States.

  • Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHF3105 .A53
    The Physical Object
    Pagination3 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22271089M
    LC Control Number62060525

    The Joint Communiqué issued by the Chinese and Soviet Communist Parties in stipulated, among other items, that “The Soviet Union and China will develop relations in economic, trade, scientific, technological, cultural and other fields actively, in a planned manner on the basis of principles of equality and mutual benefit, and will help. @article{osti_, title = {Oil and world power. Fifth edition}, author = {Odell, P R}, abstractNote = {The world oil industry is presented as having diverse geographic, political, and economic ramifications that are global in scope. The complexities of its international relationships and influences are described. There are chapters on the US, the Soviet Union, the oil-exporting countries.


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Export of strategic materials to the U.S.S.R. and other Soviet bloc countries. by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Careers & Internships. Your talent. Your diverse skills. Our mission. Learn more about Careers Opportunities at CIA. Export of strategic materials to the U.S.S.R. and other Soviet bloc countries: hearing[s] before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-seventh Congress, first.

Export of Strategic Materials to the U.S.S.R. and Other Soviet Bloc Countries.: hearings before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Eighty-Seventh Congress, first session, Eighty-Seventh Congress, second session, on Oct.

11, 12, 23, 24,Octo Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Export Of Strategic Materials To The U S S R And Other Soviet Bloc Countries Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Export Of Strategic Materials To The U S S R And Other Soviet Bloc Countries books, Export Of Strategic Materials Hearings Author: United States.

Congress. House. PRJO 4/26 Title: Export of Strategic Materials to the U.S.S.R. and Other Soviet Bloc Countries / Hearing Before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary United States Senate - Eighty-Seventh Congress - First Session - Part 2.

The United States and its major allies should continue to embargo the export to all countries of the Soviet bloc of munitions, scarce metals, heavy fabricating machinery, items representing technological advances, and other items which contribute significantly to.

The Cold War was a strategic and tactical contest to influence the nature of the governments and societies of the world’s countries. On one hand, the United States and its allies sought to spread democratic capitalism; on the other, the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China attempted to export their versions of communism.

United States Export Licensing Policy Toward Hong Kong and Macao. objectives. United States export licensing policy to Hong Kong and Macao should serve to insure that the aims set forth in NSC /2, 2 of limiting Soviet bloc access to strategic and critical commodities and of denying any United States exports to Communist China, Manchuria, and North Korea, are not frustrated, while at the.

20th-century international relations - 20th-century international relations - The end of the Cold War: In retrospect, the course of the Cold War appears to have been cyclical, with both the United States and the U.S.S.R. alternating between periods of assertion and relaxation.

In the first years after the United States hastily demobilized its wartime military forces while pursuing. Many countries export weapons to obtain resources to finance the development and production of more advanced weapons.

Many countries in the Soviet bloc reduced their armed forces and have excess weapons, especially small ones." The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties -Two treaties between the USSR & the US that limited nuclear weapons.

cent of Soviet exports and 43 percent of Soviet imports in The European members ofComecon have looked to the Soviet Unionfor oil; in turn, they have provided machinery, equipment. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws: Export of Strategic Materials to the U.S.S.R.

and Other Soviet Bloc Countries.: hearings before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other. at the highest level of planning.

This is the role of the U.S.S.R. Gosplan and of the Planning Commissions of the other Soviet bloc countries.3 The first section of this paper briefly describes the administrative framework of central planning in Soviet-type economies. In the sec-ond, I consider various procedures open to the central planners for.

Negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in summit meetings and the signing of strategic arms limitation agreements. Brezhnev proclaimed in that peaceful coexistence was the normal, permanent, and irreversible state of relations between imperialist and Communist countries, although he warned that conflict might.

The export control system of the United States has been evolving dynamically since early days reflecting the country’s which are changing from Administrationstrategic interests to Administration as time goes by. In addition, the U.S., since decades ago, has been playing a decisive role in other countries’ export control developments.

Export Controls. The Soviet-bloc countries began to express interest in acquiring technical knowhow from the United States. Most of the requests were for chemical and petrochemical technical data. Commerce was responsible for export controls pertaining. THE SOVIET-BLOC FOREIGN TRADE SYSTEM NICOLAS SPULBzR* Foreign trade is a state monopoly in each of the countries of the Soviet bloc.

The sphere of this monopoly encompasses not only all the export and import opera-tions, which must be. intra-bloc trade absorbs five of the total $7 billions worth of exports. As a result, the Soviet Union comes into the world market at large annually to exchange about $2 billion worth of goods.

With this limited volume of mer-chandise at its diposal, the U.S.S.R. falls into the category of such lesser lights among. This book examines the oil export policies of the Soviet Union in the context of the Soviet balance of payments. Its main thesis is that Soviet decisions on the volume of oil exports to the West relate more to trade adjustment policies than to price intervention on the world oil market.

The coördination of policies in this field with over-all foreign policy was far from perfect. In some instances, notably the embargo on shipments of strategic materials to the Soviet bloc and the prohibition on all exports to Red China, the policies were in agreement; more often, however, they were in.

Title: EXPORT CONTROL POLICY * TOWARD THE SOVIET BLOC Subject: EXPORT CONTROL POLICY * TOWARD THE SOVIET BLOC Keywords: Approved For Release /12/ CIA-RDP79TAO fNM State Dept. declassification release i nstructi one on file CENT1tAL INTELLIGENCE OFFICE OF NATIONAL ESTIMATES MEI1 NDUM OF INFO1 MkTION NOb 72 FOR: National Estimates Board SUBJECT: Export.

Soviet foreign trade played only a minor role in the Sovietfor example, exports and imports each accounted for only 4 percent of the Soviet gross national Soviet Union maintained this low level because it could draw upon a large energy and raw material base, and because it historically had pursued a policy of self-sufficiency.

to apply the embargo to any member of the Soviet bloc. The Export Administration Act of50 U.S.C. app. §§ () [hereinafter cited as EAA '69], intends to curtail exports ofstrategic goods to communist countries.

Non-strategic refers to those goods that would fail to "'make a significant contribution to the. Even byits exports to the other countries in the bloc had multiplied by 25 times and imports by 10 times, compared to the very low prewar levels.

The basis of this new trade pattern was primarily the effort to develop the Soviet bloc as a self-contained economic unit.

There were four reasons for this. specific materials and equipment – tanks, guns, aircraft, explosives, missiles – and to supporting the huge military machine.” The Soviet economy was heavily militarized because the country was constantly confronted with the hostility of the other foreign powers and especially the United States (and also China after )2.

This. The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate Congressional Research Service 2 become an extensive peacetime undertaking. The start of the cold war led to a major refocusing of export control policy on the Soviet-Bloc countries. Enactment of the Export Control Act of 9.

Soviet exports of complete sets of equipment to underdeveloped countries () List of countries devoting significant proportions of total trade to trade with the Sino-Soviet bloc, for countries over 10 percent ()-- 56 Share of free world countries' trade with Sino-Soviet bloc (for countries under 10 percent) in The investigation was commenced in June at the request of Toshiba Corporation, following public disclosure that Toshiba Machine Co.

Ltd., a company in which it holds a percent stock interest, had violated Japan's export control laws and regulations by making two sales of multi-axis propeller milling machines to the U.S.S.R. that US share of Soviet trade in different products should be equal to its share in the exports (or imports) of these same products by 14 leading industrial nations to the rest of the world.

Calculations along these lines suggest the US-Soviet trade could easily be doubled under more normal circumstances. The plan was not for isolated nuclear attacks but a major escalation in strategic bombing in both countries.

If the Soviets intervened to save their allies then the Pentagon was planning to unleash a secret war plan called SHAKEDOWN, a “mass pre-emptive first strike on the Soviet Union itself with well over Mark VI plutonium bombs.

In comparison, American exports to all Red-controlled countries totalled only about four million, of which approximately $, went to the U.S.S.R. United States exports in to the Soviet. The Export Control Act of was one in a series of legislative efforts by the United States government and initially the administration of President Franklin D.

Roosevelt to accomplish two tasks: to avoid scarcity of critical commodities in a likely pre-war environment1 and, more notably, to limit the exportation of materiel to pre-World War II Imperial Japan.

The act originated as a. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The Eastern Bloc, also known as the Communist Bloc, the Socialist Bloc and the Soviet Bloc, was the group of communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, and Southeast Asia under the hegemony of the Soviet Union (USSR) that existed during the Cold War (–) in opposition to the capitalist Western Western Europe, the term Eastern Bloc generally referred to the USSR.

The “Soviet bloc” is suggested more known as the “Eastern Bloc” countries post WWII in Europe with the Soviet Union as the main country. While the “Western Bloc” consisted of the Western European countries, Canada and USA as the main country.

The. The Export Control Act of was one in a series of legislative efforts by the US government and initially the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to accomplish two tasks: to avoid scarcity of critical commodities in a likely prewar environmen [1] and to limit the exportation of materiel to pre-World War II Imperial act originated as a presidential proclamation by.

of the Soviet Union, an image that was also very important for the Kremlin. For the Soviets, it bore direct relevance to a positive view of Soviet foreign policy, as well as the justification for the creation of the communist bloc (“the socialist camp”), headed, of course, by the Soviet Union.

The three countries that pushed hardest for shutting down Comecon -- Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland -- are struggling to figure out how to rebuild their trade with each other, the Soviet.

restricted the export of 1, items that were freely available to Communist countries from COCOM nations and other sources Thus, at the beginning of the Nixon Administration, the "China Differential" was still in place as the basis for U.S.

export control policy toward China. The Mutual Defense Assistance Act was a United States Act of Congress signed by President Harry S. Truman on 6 October For US Foreign policy, it was the first U.S.

military foreign aid legislation of the Cold War era, and initially to Europe. The Act followed Truman's signing of the Economic Cooperation Act (the Marshall Plan), on April 3,which provided non-military, economic. 4. Economic dimensions of Soviet and Russian arms exports Ian Anthony I.

Introduction This chapter examines the economic dimensions of Soviet (and now Russian) arms transfers. From the discussion in chapter 3, it is clear that the primary determinants of Soviet arms transfer decisions were political and strategic rather than economic.Trade Policy.

Russia is fully integrated into the world capitalist economy. But unlike the more developed countries, Russia continues to be predominantly an exporter of grain and other.EXPORTS. The principal Soviet exports are grain products, oil products, furs, timber, dairy products, manganese ore, oil cake and flax and tow.

Industrial exports increased from per cent of the total in to per cent in Grain exports decreased nearly 80 per cent, while other exports increased by one-third.